Discover Sailing International Bareboat Skipper Program
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The Discover Sailing International Bareboat Skipper course is a four day course. It is not for beginners and the recommended entry level requirements are an International Crew Course, and over 200 nautical miles and 10 days at sea with a minimum of 8 night sailing hours. The recommended minimum age to obtain this certification is 18.
Those who have obtained the International Bareboat Skipper qualification, can obtain a Hong Kong Marine Department issued Private Vessel Operators Licence Level 2 after passing 2 theory exams conducted by the Hong Kong Marine Department.
Command of a vessel up to a maximum length of 78 ft /24 metres
In coastal waters up to 20 miles offshore
In daylight hours and in fair conditions with moderate wind and sea conditions
This certificate is the level of competence that one needs when chartering a boat in the Mediterranean or West Indies where there are restrictions in terms of cruising area and distance from the base and the vessel has to be safely moored in a marina or anchored before dark
Responsibilities of a bareboat skipper
Crew safety checks
Hull and rig checks
Machinery and systems checks
Fuel and water capacity and range
Menus and quantities
Sources of meteorological information
Sea and land breezes
Cloud types and formations
Pilotage and passage planning
Considerations when planning a passage
Routine for navigating a coastal passage
Port regulations, customs, immigration
Vessel handling in confined quarters
Mooring, anchoring, coming alongside
Ropes, knots, care and use of lines
General deck work
Tides and currents theory
Tidal heights, springs and neaps
Rule of “twelfths”
Position fixing, running fixes
Plotting the effect of tides and currents
Lights, shapes and sounds
Application of the regulations
Advanced dingy handling
Students will participate and learn to be a skipper / captain aboard a 30ft - 45ft sailing cruiser.
During the course, students will complete a pre-course study 4 on-the-water training sessions. At the end of the course, there will be a written exam and successful candidates will receive a Discover Sailing Asia Skipper's certificate upon completion.
The course consists of 13 modules.
Module 13 – Small Powerboats & Rigid Inflatable Boats (RIBs)
Effects of wind, tide and current, alongside, arrival at dock, departure from dock, clearing wharf or dock, multiple engines, traveling at speed (planning), high speed turns, heavy weather operations, engine failure, single engine handling, picking up mooring buoy.
Module 15 – Basic Sails and Sailing
How sails work, parts of the rigging, points of sail and sailing terms, use of winches, types of sails, roller reefing, slab reefing, basic slab reefing steps, sail materials and construction.
Module 16 – Basic Meteorology
Sources of weather information, weather patterns, air masses, monitoring the forecast, fronts, sea breeze, land breeze, katabatic winds, anabatic winds, the beaufort wind scale, cloud types, hurricanes, typhoons, cyclones, precipitation, fog types, how fog is dissipated, thunderstorms, lightening, after a storm.
Leeshore, Line squalls, heavy weather tactics, sea anchors & drogues, ice and ice accretion, action in restricted visibility, negotiating a harbour entrance, collision regulations on passage, preparing a short passage plan (reference materials, passage plan headings, what tactics to use, selecting an anchorage, navigation on short passages, delegation of responsibilities to crew).
Module 18 – Compasses and Magnetism
The magnetic compass, lubber line, compass error, variation, deviation and applying error, compass bearings, magnetic north, applying variation, magnetic anomalies, hand bearing compass.
Module 19 – Charts, Chartwork & Basic Navigation
Chart publications, chartwork instruments, charts, chartwork symbols and abbreviations, scale, heights & depths, cautions & warnings, north/compass rose, tidal diamonds, chart information, soundings, cautions, colours & levels, latitude and longitude, course/distance, course to steer, leeway, heading, speed, set, drift, speed made good, tides, currents, effects of wind, tide & current, dead reckoning, line of position, fixes, compass bearings, planning a fix, running fix, estimated position
Module 20 – Tides & Currents
Tides, tidal definitions and tidal heights, chart datum, charted depth, drying height, duration, height of tide, high water, low water, lowest astronomical tide, mean high water, mean lower low water, spring tides, neap tides, range, primary/secondary ports, rule of twelfths, currents, tidal atlas and tidal diamonds.
Module 21 – Buoyage
Lateral system, IALA regions A & B, Marks common to both IALA A & B, Isolated danger marks, safe water mark, special mark, wreck buoy, cardinal buoyage system, flashing sequences.
Module 22 – Collision Regulations
Definitions, COLREGS, what you need to know, COLREGS part A, COLREGS part B – steering and sailing rules, COLREGS part C – lights and shapes, COLREGS part D – sounds.
Module 23 – Navigation Lights
Safe operation in restricted visibility, navigating at night.
Module 24 – Basic First Aid
Hypothermia and cold water immersion, causes of hypothermia, cold water shock, rescuing a person with hypothermia, surviving cold water, the “huddle” position, heat escape lessening position, contents of a basic first aid kit, cuts, stings & burns, control of bleeding, shock, dangers of heat and cold, heat stroke, heart attacks, and strokes, unconscious victim, urgency (PAN PAN), drowning, choking, seasickness, heat stroke & exhaustion, carbon monoxide poisoning.
Module 25 – Responsibilities of the Skipper/Captain
Skipper or Captain – what is the difference, responsibilities, prior to departure, common courtesy, delegation to crew, duty of care relevant to visitors and passengers, actions to be taken after collision.
Prerequisites: Discover Sailing Asia International Crew + 250nm and 10 days at sea with at least 8 hours of night sailing