Competent Keelboat Racing Crew Program - Singapore

Competent Keelboat Racing Crew Program - Singapore

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Course Overview:

This program focuses on building the foundation of racing knowledge, seamanship and boat handling skills for racing keelboats 24 - 45 ft. The course focuses on Yacht Racing and includes 4 on-the- water full day skill building sessions, 1 classroom theory session. At the end of the course, students would be able to understand:

- How a race is conducted
- How to prepare a sailboat for racing
- The duties and skills of the 7 sailing positions
- The Racing Rules and differences to the cruiser's Rules of the Road (COLREGS)
- Rig tuning fundamentals
- Advanced sail handling and sail trim for Jib, Genoa, Mainsail, Spinnaker
- Sail trim for light air, moderate and heavy weather conditions
- Strategies and Tactics for coastal long distance and regatta racing

Prerequisites:
None

General Description:

Students will participate and learn to be a competent crew member aboard a RC44 grand prix racing yacht or a Ker32 off-shore racing yacht competing in asia based regattas and distance races.

During the course, students will complete a pre-course study based on the text "Getting Started in Sailboat Racing" (Cort Stearns), 4 on-the-water training sessions, and 1 classroom theory session. At the end of the course, there will be a written exam and successful candidates will receive a Discover Sailing Asia Competent Racing Crew certificate upon completion.

SAILING SKILLS

- Demonstrate the seven racing crew positions- Bowman, Mast, Pit, Cockpit Trimmer, Cockpit Grinder, Main Trimmer, Helmsman
- Demonstrate proper sail trim for Close hauled, Close Reaching, Beam Reaching, Broad reaching and running and by- the- lee
- Demonstrate efficient genoa tacking, jibing and sail changes
- Demonstrate correct crew procedures for hoisting, setting, trimming, jibing, dousing and packing a spinnaker
- Describe sail shapes, genoa- mainsail interaction and crew communication ( the gears) for advanced sail trimming
- Demonstrate methods of achieving target boat speeds from Polar Diagram as helmsman and crew
- Describe the proper selection of sails for all wind and sea conditions
- Sail a compass course for 30 minutes
- Demonstrate successful Man Overboard (MOB ) recovery
- Demonstrate how to call puffs, direct helmsman for emergency course changes and report competitor location, distance, point, speed and sail trim

SAILING KNOWLEDGE

- Review ISAF Race Category Safety Equipment Requirements
- Describe the theory of true and apparent wind
- Describe the theory of sailing using force diagrams.
- Describe the reasons for preference of slight weather helm, sail selection (including full sails or reefed sails), mast position and mast rake.
- Describe 3 sail making technologies and their application to racing sails
- Describe the effects on sail shape when adjusting the following:

Luff tension, Outhaul, Downhaul, Leech line, Boom vang, Cunningham, Backstay tension, Jib fairleads, Jib sheet tension, Mainsheet, Traveller, Spinnaker Sheet Tweekers, In-hauler, Babystay tension, Running backstays, Fractionator, Topping lift

- Describe ISAF Fundamental Rules of Racing
- Describe the basic strategies and tactics for starting, upwind leg, downwind leg, reaching legs, and the finish
- Describe the foundation and elements of the Psychology of Winning and its application before and during a Race or Regatta

WEATHER & NAVIGATION

- Demonstrate functions and operation of instruments displaying Speed, Depth, VMG, AWS, TWS, Compass, SOG, COG, CTS, CMG, waypoints and routes
- Describe cirrus, cirrostratus, altocumulus, stratocumulus, cumulonimbus and cumulus clouds and the weather expected to be associated with each
- Describe local weather in relation to prevailing winds, and tidal currents
- Describe three sources of on-line weather and tidal information

SEAMANSHIP

- Demonstrate tying the following knots blindfolded in less than ten seconds: Bowline (on clew ring, around waist, around boom), Sheet bend (joining anchor line with jibsheet), 2 Turns with 2 Half Hitches ( tying dock rings and fenders), truckers hitch ( vang and cunningham), hangman's knot ( from lower spreader tip)
- Demonstrate how to secure a boat to a dock and rafting to another boat
- Demonstrate a safe procedure to climb to the masthead to clear and replace a halyard during moderate sailing conditions (climbing is optional)
- Complete successful recovery of Man Overboard as skipper and crew
- Recognize and treatment Hypothermia
- Demonstrate putting on a PFD, safety harness and securing tether to jack-line in less than 30 seconds
- Describe a layered system of clothing for coastal racing
- Describe how to avoid and treat seasickness
- Demonstrate heavy weather precautions including shortening sail, use of special equipment (safety harness, preventer, tweekers), doubling up of gear, special checks in areas liable to chafe, stowage of equipment (above and below decks), bilge monitoring, problems of fatigue and the need for at least three crew on- deck at all times.
- Demonstrate how to take a depth sounding using two different methods.
- Describe how the boat should be handled and what actions should be taken when the following emergencies occur:

A crew member is injured or ill, loss of forestay, loss of backstay, The boat is dismasted, The boat runs aground on a lee shore, windward shore, falling tide and rising tide

- Describe the skipper's responsibilities and the crew's action for the following:

Clearing the START line
Man Overboard
Offering assistance to yachtsmen in trouble
Permission to board
Permission to come alongside
Permission and entitlement to cross adjacent boats when rafted
Checking boat's appearance

- Courses are conducted Year-round